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MySQL 8 And The FRM Drop… How To Recover Table DDL [PORTABLE]


You can drop the orphan table by following the instructions given in the error message. If you are still unable to use DROP TABLE successfully, the problem may be due to name completion in the mysql client. To work around this problem, start the mysql client with the --skip-auto-rehash option and try DROP TABLE again. (With name completion on, mysql tries to construct a list of table names, which fails when a problem such as just described exists.)




MySQL 8 and The FRM Drop… How To Recover Table DDL



This procedure describes how to restore orphan file-per-table .ibd files to another MySQL instance. You might use this procedure if the system tablespace is lost or unrecoverable and you want to restore .ibd file backups on a new MySQL instance.


The mysqldump client utility performs logical backups, producing a set of SQL statements that can be executed to reproduce the original database object definitions and table data. It dumps one or more MySQL databases for backup or transfer to another SQL server. The mysqldump command can also generate output in CSV, other delimited text, or XML format.


mysqldump requires at least the SELECT privilege for dumped tables, SHOW VIEW for dumped views, TRIGGER for dumped triggers, LOCK TABLES if the --single-transaction option is not used, and (as of MySQL 8.0.21) PROCESS if the --no-tablespaces option is not used. Certain options might require other privileges as noted in the option descriptions.


It is not recommended to load a dump file when GTIDs are enabled on the server (gtid_mode=ON), if your dump file includes system tables. mysqldump issues DML instructions for the system tables which use the non-transactional MyISAM storage engine, and this combination is not permitted when GTIDs are enabled.


mysqldump can retrieve and dump table contents row by row, or it can retrieve the entire content from a table and buffer it in memory before dumping it. Buffering in memory can be a problem if you are dumping large tables. To dump tables row by row, use the --quick option (or --opt, which enables --quick). The --opt option (and hence --quick) is enabled by default, so to enable memory buffering, use --skip-quick.


Usage scenarios for mysqldump include setting up an entire new MySQL instance (including database tables), and replacing data inside an existing instance with existing databases and tables. The following options let you specify which things to tear down and set up when restoring a dump, by encoding various DDL statements within the dump file.


In MySQL 8.0, the mysql schema is considered a system schema that cannot be dropped by end users. If --add-drop-database is used with --all-databases or with --databases where the list of schemas to be dumped includes mysql, the dump file contains a DROP DATABASE `mysql` statement that causes an error when the dump file is reloaded.


Adds to a table dump all SQL statements needed to create any tablespaces used by an NDB table. This information is not otherwise included in the output from mysqldump. This option is currently relevant only to NDB Cluster tables.


One use for this option is to cause mysqldump to continue executing even when it encounters a view that has become invalid because the definition refers to a table that has been dropped. Without --force, mysqldump exits with an error message. With --force, mysqldump prints the error message, but it also writes an SQL comment containing the view definition to the dump output and continues executing.


Using this option with the --single-transaction option can lead to inconsistencies in the output. If --set-gtid-purged=ON is required, it can be used with --lock-all-tables, but this can prevent parallel queries while mysqldump is being run.


Excludes the SECONDARY ENGINE clause from CREATE TABLE statements. It does so by enabling the show_create_table_skip_secondary_engine system variable for the duration of the dump operation. Alternatively, you can enable the show_create_table_skip_secondary_engine system variable prior to using mysqldump.


This option was added in MySQL 8.0.18. Attempting a mysqldump operation with the --show-create-skip-secondary-engine option on a release prior to MySQL 8.0.18 that does not support the show_create_table_skip_secondary_engine variable causes an error.


Produce tab-separated text-format data files. For each dumped table, mysqldump creates a tbl_name.sql file that contains the CREATE TABLE statement that creates the table, and the server writes a tbl_name.txt file that contains its data. The option value is the directory in which to write the files.


This option should be used only when mysqldump is run on the same machine as the mysqld server. Because the server creates *.txt files in the directory that you specify, the directory must be writable by the server and the MySQL account that you use must have the FILE privilege. Because mysqldump creates *.sql in the same directory, it must be writable by your system login account.


Prior to MySQL 8.0, the --routines and --events options for mysqldump and mysqlpump were not required to include stored routines and events when using the --all-databases option: The dump included the mysql system database, and therefore also the mysql.proc and mysql.event tables containing stored routine and event definitions. As of MySQL 8.0, the mysql.event and mysql.proc tables are not used. Definitions for the corresponding objects are stored in data dictionary tables, but those tables are not dumped. To include stored routines and events in a dump made using --all-databases, use the --routines and --events options explicitly.


Dump several databases. Normally, mysqldump treats the first name argument on the command line as a database name and following names as table names. With this option, it treats all name arguments as database names. CREATE DATABASE and USE statements are included in the output before each new database.


Multiple triggers are permitted. mysqldump dumps triggers in activation order so that when the dump file is reloaded, triggers are created in the same activation order. However, if a mysqldump dump file contains multiple triggers for a table that have the same trigger event and action time, an error occurs for attempts to load the dump file into an older server that does not support multiple triggers. (For a workaround, see Downgrade Notes; you can convert triggers to be compatible with older servers.)


This option, enabled by default, is shorthand for the combination of --add-drop-table --add-locks --create-options --disable-keys --extended-insert --lock-tables --quick --set-charset. It gives a fast dump operation and produces a dump file that can be reloaded into a MySQL server quickly.


This option is useful for dumping large tables. It forces mysqldump to retrieve rows for a table from the server a row at a time rather than retrieving the entire row set and buffering it in memory before writing it out.


While a --single-transaction dump is in process, to ensure a valid dump file (correct table contents and binary log coordinates), no other connection should use the following statements: ALTER TABLE, CREATE TABLE, DROP TABLE, RENAME TABLE, TRUNCATE TABLE. A consistent read is not isolated from those statements, so use of them on a table to be dumped can cause the SELECT that is performed by mysqldump to retrieve the table contents to obtain incorrect contents or fail.


The --source-data or --master-data option can be used simultaneously with the --single-transaction option, which provides a convenient way to make an online backup suitable for use prior to point-in-time recovery if tables are stored using the InnoDB storage engine.


mysqldump does not dump the performance_schema or sys schema by default. To dump any of these, name them explicitly on the command line. You can also name them with the --databases option. For performance_schema, also use the --skip-lock-tables option.


mysqldump is a command-line utility used to generate a MySQL logical database backup as a single .sql file with a set of SQL statements. The utility helps you dump MySQL tables, multiple databases, or their objects. Keep in mind that it is not possible to back up MySQL databases or data to separate .sql files with the mysqldump utility. For more information about how to back up MySQL databases and data, see Different Ways to Back up MySQL Databases and Tables.


For demo purposes, make a backup copy of the working_hours table from the sakila database by executing the mysqldump command. The backup_working_hours_table.sql file is the output file that will contain the backup of the table.


The EXTERNAL keyword lets you create a table and provide a LOCATION so that Hive does not use a default location for this table. This comes in handy if you already have data generated. When dropping an EXTERNAL table, data in the table is NOT deleted from the file system. Starting Hive 4.0.0 ( HIVE-19981 - Getting issue details... STATUS ) setting table property external.table.purge=true, will also delete the data.


If a temporary table is created with a database/table name of a permanent table which already exists in the database, then within that session any references to that table will resolve to the temporary table, rather than to the permanent table. The user will no


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